The Relationships of Emotional Intelligence with Leadership of Young Children
Researchers and theorists have increasingly recognized the importance role that young children’s emotional intelligence and leadership in the development of early childhood education. In this light, this study investigated howyoung children’s emotional intelligence related to their leadership. The purpose of this study is to provide basic materials for the importance of young children’s emotional intelligence and leadership. Subjects included 168 young children at seven kindergartens in G city, South Korea. Data was collected through two different kinds of questionnaires for teachers. The Emotional Intelligence Scale of Lee (1997) was used, which consisted of four sub-categories, including self-awareness & expression, self-regulation, recognition ability to others, and relationship. The Leadership Scale for teachers of Jang & Hwang (2009)was used, which consisted of four sub-categories, including challenges with self-confidence, respect for others, self-control, and problem solving ability. The collected data was analyzed by Pearson’s correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis using the computer program, SPSS/PC 21.0. The results of this study were as follows. First, there was a significant relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership. Second, emotional intelligence was an important factor to predict their leadership. Consequently, this study suggested that emotional intelligence would be considered very importantly in planning early childhood curriculum and instruction.