The Prevalence of Hepatitis B and C Awareness Among Dental Students in Jeddah
Hepatitis is a liver inflammation, a potentially life-threatening due to serious complications. Dentistry is a susceptible environment for cross infections, as dental practitioners have direct contact to patients` saliva and blood. In fact, dentist are three to four times at higher risk of exposure to HBV and HCV than general population.
The aim of this study is to assess the level of knowledge and attitude of hepatitis B, and C among dental students in Jeddah.
in this cross-sectional study, 453 clinical dental students in Jeddah colleges, were participated to assess their knowledge and attitude toward HBV and HCV. An anonymous self-administrated hard copy questionnaire included four sections with total of 28 questions, adopted from pervious study with modifications were distributed.
Results: the mean of total knowledge of corrected answers of participants were 5.35 out of 9 questions with standard deviations ± 1.54. The mean of attitude questions range between 2.04 with standard deviation ± 1.18 to 3.9 with standard deviation ± 1.5. By comparing of total knowledge score with GPA, students who has GPA 4.1 and above, were significantly higher than other students. The study showed that 67 of 4th year students, 104 of 5th year students, 98 of 6th year students and 48 of intern students haven't been fully vaccinated against HBV.
It is recommended that more educational courses should be included for dental students to improve their knowledge about HBV and HCV in Saudi Arabia. In addition, colleges should obligate students to get vaccinated before admitting clinics.
100 words abstract version
Hepatitis is a life-threatening due to its serious complications. This study aims to assess the knowledge and attitude of HBV and HCV among dental students in Jeddah. A total of 453 students were participated to assess their knowledge and attitude, using anonymous self-administrated hard copy questionnaire included 28 questions, adopted from pervious study with modifications. The mean of total knowledge of corrected answers were 5.35 out of 9 (SD= 1.54). The mean of answers of attitude questions range between 2.04 (SD= 1.18) to 3.9 (SD= 1.5). It is recommended that more educational courses to improve their knowledge.