Paper Title
How Using Pattern of Music in Daily Lives Correlated to Self-Recognition of College Students

This study examined the relations of using patterns of music in daily lives to self-recognition, such as ego-strength, ego-resilience, self-efficacy, and self-esteem among college students in Korea. The participants were 341 college students (151 males and 190 females), whose ages ranged from 18 to 32 (M=22.27, SD=2.68). The psychological tests used in this research were Music Preference Inventory, Barron’s 48 items from MMPI for ego-strength, Klohnen’s 29 items from CPI for ego-resilience, Jerusalem and Schwarzer’s General Self-Efficacy Scale, and Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale. Results of revealed that that ego-resilience was positively related to the music preference, especially to preferences of musical activities, singing songs, and classical music use, whereas ego-strength was not significantly related to using music. General self-efficacy and self-esteem are positively related to all of sub-variables such as the pursuit of psychological effects of music, doing musical activities, sing songs, using pop music, and using classical music. The music preference accounts approximately 21% variance of self-efficacy and 18% of self-esteem, while it accounts 5% variance of ego-resilience. This study suggests that use of music in daily lives may positively influence on self-concept, especially self-efficacy and self-esteem of young people. Despites of limitation of measurement and generalizability, it may provide valuable information for music educators, music psychologists, and mental health professionals.