Item Analysis on the Validity and the Reliability of English Summative Test for the First Year Students of MA Madani Alauddin PAO-PAO
This research analyzed the validity and the reliability of the English Summative Test for the first-year students at MA Madani Alauddin Paopao for each item by dividing the validity and the reliability analysis for the two kinds of test, they are; short-answer test and completion test. The researcher applied the quantitative descriptive method in which the data was obtained from the teacher-made test. The subject of this research was the English summative test designed to test the students who were registered grade X in the academic year of 2014-2015 at MA Madani Paopao. Furthermore, the test was tried out to students and the researcher analyzed the validity and the reliability of each kind of test.In terms of validity, the researcher revealed that, the short-answer test has 8 items (80%) were valid, as they showed the standard of validity of a good test and 2 items (20%) were unable to deal with the standard of validity index required by a trustworthy test item. On the contrary, 5 items (100%) of the completion test were found reliable, as the validity indexes were higher than the table of critical value of product moment (0.297) with the level of significance 95 percent. Furthermore, the reliability of English summative test designed by the teacher was also found different. The short-answer test was reliable because the reliability index was 0.808 which was higher than the table of critical value of product moment (0.297) with the level of significance 95 %. However, the reliability of completion test was found to be not reliable as the reliability index was 0.140 which was lower than the table of critical value of product moment (0.297) with the level of significance 95 %.In connection with the result of this research, the researcher provided the following suggestions: (1) to construct an ideal test, the teachers should master the knowledge of language testing and make time for constructing the test items; (2) the item which was found not valid and the kind of test which was not reliable should be revised or even removed; and (3) as many students of university conducted teaching practice at MA Madani Paopao, the teachers of each subject especially for English subject should guide and monitor the process of students’ teaching until test designing.
Keywords: validity, reliability, English summative test