The Influence of Diabetes Disclosure on Cognitive, Physical Ability, and Diabetes Self-Management Among Diabetic Working Adults in Saudi Arabia.
Background: Diabetes is a serious medical issue and considered as a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, lower limb amputation, stroke and heart attacks; in 2012, DM was the main cause of 1.5 million deaths (WHO, 2016), and is projected that DM will be the seventh leading cause of death by 2030. Moreover, the diabetes prevalence is steadily increased globally; it is estimated that the total number of diabetic individuals is to reach up to 366 million in 2030. Therefore, self-management of diabetes can be a challenge and burden especially if working adult choose not to disclose their condition. Studies showed that compared with other chronic illnesses, working adult with diabetes are less likely to disclose their condition in workplace.Diabetes is a life-long condition that requires a person with diabetes to make many daily self-management decisions and care activities. Many factors have been identified as difficulties and challenges in managing diabetes. For working adults with diabetes, the workplace has been identified as an essential factor that could influence the way in which working adult manage their diabetes
Aim of the Study: To describe the influence of diabetes disclosure on cognitive, physical ability, and diabetes self-management among diabetic working adults in Saudi Arabia.
Design: A descriptive correlation design, cross-sectional. Self-report survey will be used to gather the data .Methods:with a confidence interval of 95%, and an alpha of .05, the sample size of this study was 250 working adult with diabestes. For this study two scales with a total of 28 items will be used along with demographic questions and three direct questions about diabetes disclosure to mangers/supervisor, colleagues, and occupational health. The two scales are The Checklist Individual Strength (CIS) and Perceived Diabetes Self-Management Scale (PDSMS).
Results: a significate correlation was found between diabetes self-management and support from co-workers (r=.55, P <.05), the employees who receive more support from their co-worker are obey to diabetes self-management. Further, it was found that employees who received support on their workplace reported more concentrated, motivated, and active (r=.41, P<.05).
Keywords: Diabetes, Disclosure Cognitive, Physical Ability, Self-Management, Diabetic Working Adults