Kant and Fichte on Education: Critical Review
Kant discusses his education theory in “The Conflict of the Faculties” and “The Education”. He believes that the aim of education is acquiring skills, citizenship and morality in both pre-university and university. With the entrance of German society to the new period of civilization and for developing reason, while using the precedent’s experiences, education system looks ahead to the future. Therefore, under the concept of “culture of skill”, the education system paves the ground for reaching the better situation or ultimate end in the framework of “culture of discipline”. Some years after Kant and having conquered the important territories of Prussia by Napoleon Bonaparte and migration of elites and university professors to Berlin, The thought of renewing and giving back the power to the Prussia government emerged seriously in a new way as a public discourse. In this period, contrary to the previous decade, the rationality and rational education has been considered in proportion to government and political issues. At this time, the thought of understanding of religion in scope of pure reason replaced with understanding of reason in politics. For this reason, Fichte in “Addresses to the German Nation” and other books, which have been written on the occasion of establishing Berlin University, emphasized on education system and university in order to serve the government and German nationality.
Index terms - Peace, culture, education, Kant, Fichte