Examining Older Adults’ Decisions to Use Mobile Devices for Learning
Mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets, have been widely adopted by older adults and have shown great influence on their daily life. Yet, there is limited evidence available on how mobile technology is being used by older adults when it comes to learning. To fill this gap in research on mobile technology use among older adults,this study examined the use of mobile computing devices for learning based on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT). The objectives of this study were to identify the relationships among performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence, facilitating condition, behavioral intention, use behavior, and the moderating effect of gender on the UTAUT model. A total of 238 older adults completed the survey at active aging learning centers in central Taiwan. The structural equation modeling analysis suggested that social influence, facilitating conditions, and performance expectancy were significant determinants perceived by participants who use mobile devices for learning. The demographic variable of gender had a significant moderating effect between effort expectancy and behavioral intention of the participants. The practical applications for research and practices are also discussed.
Keywords - Older adult learners, Mobile devices, Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology, Active aging learning centers