Depression/Somatization Levels in TMD Patients
Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the pain and depression-somatization values present in patients who applied to the Eskisehir Osmangazi University Faculty of Dentistry Department of Prosthodontics for Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD).
Material and Method: After our patients answered to the questionnaire of Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD), the obtained data is analyzed.
Results: A total of 173 patients, 130 womenand 43 men, with an avarageage of 31.1 ±11areincluded in thestudy. The number of patients who applied to the clinic with pain is 142 (%82.1). Patients are asked to score their pain from 0 to 10 according to Visual Analog Scale (VAS). The mean value calculated according to the obtained pain scores is found to be 4.76. If the patients are examined for chronic pain, it is concluded that 29 people did not have TMD pain within the last 6 months. The mean time for the 144 patients with chronic pain complaints to postpone their daily activities due to pain in the last 6 months is calculated as 3.26 days. Pain and Painless depression-somatization values are compared according to gender and age range. According to the results; although there is no statistical difference for Depression and Somatization values between the age groups, it is seen that both Depression values and Painful and Painless Somatization values are statistically higher in females than in males.
Conclusion: The rate of women in the group of patients who applied for TMD is significantly higher. The most obvious symptom for the patients is pain. With the identification of factors in the aetiology of these diseases and taking into account the personality traits and psychological conditions of the patients, arranging a patient-specific treatment planning increases the success of the treatment significantly. However, further studies are needed to determine the risk factors associated with the disease in order to prevent TMD and arrange patient-specific treatment options.
KeyWords - TemporomandibularJoint,Temporomandibular Disorders, RDC/TMD