The Effect of Interval Training on Basal Metabolic Rate, Physical Fitness and Autonomic Nervous System
This Research aims to study the effective of Interval Training Program on Basal Metabolic Rate, Physical Fitness and Autonomic Nervous System. Fifteen healthy young men and five women were randomly to the Interval Training Program. Subjects assigned to completed three exercise sessions per week for 8 weeks. Basal Metabolic Rate, Physical Fitness and Heart Rate Variability (HRV) were determined before and after the exercise program. The measures of physical fitness included muscle strength (hand grip and leg strength), flexibility (Sit-and-Rich test) and lungs capacity. The autonomic capacity was measured by heart rate variability (HRV) and a modified form electrocardiograph (wireless ECG). After training, significant improvements were found in legs strength, flexibility and metabolic rate. The reports on hand grip, lungs capacity and autonomic nervous system evaluation using HRV analysis were found no significant improvement. In conclusion, we show that the Interval Exercise Program can improve Basal Metabolic Rate, Physical Fitness and Heart Rate Variability. The Interval Training Exercise Program should be recommended as a method to maintain and promote the health.
Keyword - Interval Exercise, Basal Metabolism, Physical Fitness, Heart Rate Variability