Analysis of Financial Literacy and Financial Inclusion as a Strategy to Improve the Competitiveness of Small-Medium Enterprises (SMES) of Handicrafts Business in West Sumatera
The handicraft industry is one of top selling industries in West Sumatera. The industry also brings considerable contribution to the wealth of the community. In general, the main problem in the handcraft industry is on its capital and marketing. The objective of this study are to find the level of financial literacy and financial inclusion of the handicraft entrepreneurs, as well as to see the correlation between the level of financial literacy with the level of financial inclusion, and to identify the factors that hinder the development of financial inclusion. This research used field observations, interviews, and distribution of questionnaires as its primary data, and the secondary data were obtained from related agencies. To answer the research question, we used descriptive analysis method and structural equation modelling. The results show that the financial literacy has a positive and significant impact on the financial inclusion of the handicraft entrepreneurs, the level of financial literacy of the sample is categorized as sufficiently literate, and the financial inclusion of the handicraft entrepreneur is also categorized as sufficient. Therefore, it will be necessary to develop the financial inclusion by overcoming the obstacles faced by SMEs, especially in accessing banking services and other formal financial institutions in order to improve the competitiveness of SMEs.
Keyword - Financial Literacy, Financial Inclusion, handicraft SMEs.