Investıgatıon of the Effect of Rope Jumpıng and Strength Traınıng on Qualıty of Lıfe ın Vısually Impaıred Students
Physical activity is important for general health, physical fitness and quality of life. Children with visual impairement were participate less pysically activity compared with sighting children. The purpose of the study is to examine the effect of rope jump and strength training on the quality of life in children with low vision. 19 visually impaired students (11 girls, 8 boys) aged 8-15 years participated in the study. Students participating in the study were recruited from the school for students with visual impairement. The students were randomly divided into two groups as training (n = 9) and control group (n = 10). The students in the training group were received rope jumping and muscle strength training (sit-ups,push-ups, bridge building, upper extremity exercises with dumbbell and lower extremity exercises with sandbag) two times per week for 8 weeks. The control group did not receive any training. The quality of life of the participants were assessed by using Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) before and after the training. PedsQL has four modular scales as physical, emotional, social, and school functioning. There was no significant statistically change in PedsQL scale scores in both the exercise and control groups (p> 0.05). The results of our study suggest that rope jumping and muscle strength training migth no effect on the quality of life in children with low vision. In the future there is a need to study with a larger samples.
Keywords - Visually impaired, Low Vision, Quality of Life, Exercise, Child