Activities in Daily Life Assessment Among Elderly in Salaya Sub-District Municipality, Nakhon Pathom Province, Thailand
The world, including Thailand with an aging population of more than 10%, is entering the aging society. As a result, dependence by the population of the elderly has also increased, meaning there is more need for help and care from others to live. This research aim to study the ability of elderly people to perform activities in daily life in the municipality of Salaya Sub-district, Nakhon Pathom Province, Thailand. The sampling included elderly in Salaya District Municipality. A total of 317 samples were given the Barthel Activities of Daily Living (ADL) Questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used. The results showed that the Barthel ADL index, 93.7% were well elderly. The majority of activities that the elderly were unable to do involved going up and down stairs at 11.0%, followed by independent dressing at 5.7%. The recommendation from this research is that health care team members and caregivers have information that can be used as a guideline for the surveillance and follow-up of elderly dependents, with caregivers conducting monitoring. When the elderly are unable to do daily activities by themselves, the goal should be to support their health and quality of life.
Keywords: Activities in daily life (ADL), Elderly, Salaya Sub-district Municipality