Analyzing The Relations Among Music Perceptions and Attitudes of University Students: Afyon Kocatepe University Sample
The aim of this study is to determine the effective factors on the perceptions from music courses and attitudes towards music of university students. The earlier studies show that music perception has a positive effect on music attitude. Starting with this point, the main hypothesis of this study is set as whether music perception increases the music attitude or not. The effective factors on music perception and attitudes of individuals are also tried to reveal. With this purpose a fife type Likert scale, which has been used in earlier studies but some formed by the researchers, ranging from 1 ‘strongly disagree’ to 5 ‘strongly agree’, is used to measure the perceptions and attitudes of the students attending the state conservatory of Afyon Kocatepe University, at the beginning of 2017-2018 education term. The questionnaire including this scale and some demographic questions is applied to 250 randomly selected students over approximately 300, attending to different departments of state conservatory, which means that the size of the sample is enough statistically.
To analyze the data set, besides some well known statistical techniques, structural equation modeling is used to determine the levels of effects in each factor via SPSS and LISREL Software. The results of the analyses are given in the related tables and figures.
Key Words - Music, Music Perception, Music attitude, Statistical Analyzes.