Model-Based Approach and Language Enhancement in English as A Foreign Language Class
Education in this era needs to meet the needs of Generation Z learners who prefer intrapersonal and independent learning over group work, making use of technology and social media in their learning. To cater to the fast changing global learning situation, global education may need to be changed into self-access digital learning, allowing digital native-learners access day-to-day updated knowledge beyond the regular classes. This qualitative study investigated how online models facilitate learners’ learning achievement regarding pronunciation, learning retention and self-efficacy in English as a foreign language class. Twenty undergraduates at Chiang Mai Rajabhat University in Thailand participated in the study in a course in English for Airline Business. The teaching method applied was model-based learning with assigned tasks. Data were obtained through students’ task performances and interviews. The findings illustrate that comprehensible input of online clip models and peers’ performances enhance students’ pronunciation. Interestingly, the analysis of the interview reveals that the students made use of their favorite airline to motivate their learning and gained more self-efficacy and confidence to use English. Also, the results of the study reveal that the real world-related tasks with role-play simulations resulted in students’ retention of learning.
Keywords- model-based learning, self-efficacy, motivation, learning retention