A Comparative Study of Land Conversion to Organic Farming Between EU Countries and African Countries.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic partnership that represents a unique form of cooperation among sovereign countries. The EU is the latest stage in a process of integration begun after World War II, initially by six Western European countries, to foster interdependence and make another war in Europe unthinkable. The EU currently consists of 28 member states, including most of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, and has helped to promote peace, stability, and economic prosperity throughout the European continent. Africa is one of the fastest growing among the developing countries with its high GDP and is also emerging as a good competitor in the field of organic market due to some of its exclusive product (cotton & spice). Africa is ranked one among number one in the highest producer worldwide and has some added advantage in organic agriculture, as the concept was already in practice many years ago and still few parts of country has been following the traditional method now termed as “organic by default”. Despite of these pluses the organic agriculture is still growing at very slow pace. This paper deals with the comparative analysis of the EU and African countries, the study of their strategies, policies and their way of conduct in the field of land conversion , organic agriculture enabling us to understand the present agriculture system its potential ,opportunity and challenges and its possible solution.
Key words - Agriculture, global scenario, Europe, policies, Africa, land conversion.