The Impact of Trauma Exposure Characteristics, Trauma Centrality and Emotional Suppression on Posttraumatic Stress Among Syrian Refugees
This study revisited the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and examined a hypothesized model describing the inter-relationship between trauma exposure characteristics, trauma centrality, emotional suppression, PTSD and psychiatric co-morbidity among Syrian refugees. Five hundred and sixty-four Syrian refugees participated in the study and completed the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, General Health Questionnaire-28, Centrality of Event Scale and Courtauld Emotional Control Scale. The results showed that 30% met the cutoff for PTSD. Trauma exposure characteristics were associated with trauma centrality which was associated with emotional suppression. Emotional suppression was associated with PTSD and psychiatric co-morbid symptom severities. To conclude, almost a third of refugees can develop PTSD and other psychiatric problems following exposure to traumatic events during the war. A traumatized identity can develop with life-threatening experiences as a dominant feature. It can lead to suppression of depression with associated psychological distress.
Key words- trauma characteristics, trauma centrality, emotional suppression, refugees