The Effect of Nursing Telephone Counselling on Blood Pressure in Hypertensive Patient
Studies have shown the inconsistent results of long-distance health interventions including telephone counselling in controlling the disease. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of nursing counselling by telephone in improving blood pressure control in patients with hypertension. This was a quasi-experimental trial. 50 individuals were randomized to usual care or telephone-based intervention group. Each group had 25 patients. All patients received a clinic consultation with training. Then, Patient groups received nursing counselling by telephone during the 8 weeks. BP was measured using a digital monitor before and after intervention. Significant difference was found at 8 weeks after intervention was initiated between groups in, systolic blood pressure (control 16 vs. study 22.3, p = 0.03) while diastolic BP (7.3 vs 13, p = 0.293) showed no significant differences (p> 0.05). This study showed that nursing counselling have positive effects on systolic blood pressure control. This combined mode of services is worth considering for blood pressure control and other chronic disease, management programs.