An Investigation on The Current Situation of Active Aging and Hospice in Taiwan
The World Health Organization (WHO) proposed the concept of active aging in 2002 and defined it as "To promote the quality of life of the elderly and to achieve the most appropriate health, social participation and safety process ". This study wants to explore the elderly in their active aging, the topic of hospice and the difference. It also investigated the relationships between the elderly demographic variables and active aging. A total of 290 valid questionnaires were collected, the valid questionnaire was 96.7%. The result shows that the male in the self-realization compared to women as high as significant difference. Respondents greater than 60 years of age compared to less than 60 years of age pay more attention to care and dignity. Respondents do not need to be taken care by others, feel more independent and self-realization. In the correlation analysis, the results show that five aging principles contain Independent, Participation, Care, Self-actualization and Dignity, which are significantly correlated with each other. In the case of regression analysis, the study found that respondents' Self-actualization and Dignity affected the healthy state of the respondents. The study suggested that the government should to provide more supportive programs to assist families and caregivers (eg. home care, home services, wheezing services, etc.) while continuing to promote community care and enhance advocacy to inform elderly people about the way and content of community care. Finally, to strengthen the social education so that people have "treat the elderly is to treat themselves" ideas.
Index Terms - Active Aging, Hospice, Elderly