Maternal Mortality In Jigawa Central Senatorial District: Trend And Causes
The study examines the spatio temporal pattern of maternal deaths in Jigawa Central Senatorial District of Jigawa State, Nigeria. The objectives of the study include: to determinethe temporal trend and spatial pattern of maternal death and maternal mortality ratio and to identify the common cases of maternal deaths. Hospital based data for the period of five years, from 2010 to 2014 were obtained from General Hospitals, Federal Medical Centre Birnin Kudu and Rasheed Shekoni Specialist Hospital Dutse. Descriptive and inferential statistics(X2 and two way Anova) as well as geographical information system were used for the data analysis. The finding shows that the maternal deaths keep on increasing until in 2014 the figure decline. The 861/100,000 was estimated for the whole five periods, 2014 with the 3,654 per 100,000. The MMR computed for the seven LGA in the study area shows that Birnin Kudu has 1,624 deaths per 100,000, Buji LGA with the 213 death per 100,000 and Miga has 94 deaths per 10,000 which is the lowest. The major obstetric causes of maternal deaths are identified to be anaemia, eclampsia, malaria in pregnancy, PPH and retained placenta. Anaemia is the most important common cause of maternal death in the Jigawa central senatorial district. The finding further gives the recommendation: special attention should be given to the leading causes of maternal deaths. There is also need for the government to develop effective programmes of intervention like that of Ambulance services as promised this will reduce the maternal death in the study area.