The Prevalence Of Energy Drink Consumption And Its Relation To Burnout Among Medical Students In Batterjee Medical College In Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Numerous worldwide studies have documented that medical students experience high levels of burnout. Moreover, other studies have reported a high prevalence of consumption of energy drinks (EDs) among medical students.
This study aims to assess the prevalence of ED consumption among medical students in a private college in Saudi Arabia. It also aims to evaluate the relationship between ED consumption and burnout.
A cross sectional study was conducted with 334 medical students at Batterjee Medical College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Demographic data collected included gender, academic year, and smoking. To measure the level of ED consumption, participants filled out a modified survey that was validated in a previous study. Burnout was evaluated as well, using a validated questionnaire called The Copenhagen Burnout Inventory. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA, T-test, and linear regression were used to analyze the data.
The participants had a mean age of 22.30 years (SD= 1.92), and 47% of them were male. Their percentage of ED consumption was 66.16%, with a mean number of consumed cans equal to 2.87 (SD=4.26). Moreover, the mean total score of burnout was 53.85 (SD=20.20). There was a significant relationship between the amount of EDs consumed and burnout, presented by a P-value < 0.001, with R squared = 0.038. Neither gender nor academic year had a significant correlation to ED consumption. There was, however, a significant correlation between smoking and ED consumption, with a P-value < 0.001, and with smokers having a mean of 4.68 cans per month while non-smokers had a mean of 1.95 cans per month.
There is a high prevalence of energy drink consumption among medical students in a private college in Saudi
Arabia. Burnout was suggested as a factor that can increase energy drinks consumption, while smoking was
found as a predictor. More public awareness campaigns about energy drinks and their consequences should be implemented among medical students in Saudi Arabia.