Adherence To Hypertensive Drug Among Patients In Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Hypertension is a very common chronic disease in Saudi Arabia, needing high levels of drug adherence to be controlled. This study aimed to measure the level of adherence to antihypertensive medication in Jeddah.A cross-sectional study of 302 hypertensive participants was conducted to measure the rates of antihypertensive drug adherence, and their relation to five socio-demographic variables including age, gender, nationality, residency, and income. Adherence level was measured using a nine-item validated questionnaire adopted from a previous study. Descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, and linear regression were used to analyze data.The results showed that the adherence level of 88.7% of participants was considered optimal, while that of 10.3% was sub-optimal. There was a significant correlation between adherence and age (P-value<0.001, R squared= 0.06). However, adherence was not significantly related to gender, nationality, residency, or income.In conclusion, hypertensive patients in Jeddah have high levels of adherence, but there's still a need for improvement.
Index Terms- Adherence, Drug, Hypertensive, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia