How To Deal With The Inefficiencies In Agri-Food Supply Chains?
In the last decades one of the major trends in supply chains is increased competition and globalization of businesses. The agri-food supply chains are no exception from this trend. This means that agri-food supply chains have gained more complex relationshipsdue enormous increase in cross-border flows of food products. This development requires enhanced quality, logistics and information systems that enable more efficient realization of processes and more frequent exchange of large amounts of information for coordination purposes (Aramyan et al., 2007; Jack van der Vorst 2005). Yet, more considerable changes have taken place in agri-food chains. Nowadays consumers put more demands on issues such as product quality, food safety, product diversity and service than they used to do just a couple of years ago. Furthermore, technologies evolve ever more rapidly, e-commerce gaining more significance, while product life cycles become shorter. Increasing consumer demands on one side and rising competition from emerging markets on the other side put enormous pressure on agri-food supply chain actors creating inefficiencies in the supply chains.