Payment for Environmental Services: Application Inlandscape Beauty and Recreational Services in The Cordillera Highlands of Northern Philippines
The application of Payment for Environmental Services (PES) as an economic instrument to promote conservation and poverty reduction goals is relatively young in the Philippines. One of earlier applications is the use of PES schemes for landscape beauty and recreational services in the Cordilleras of Northern Philippines. This paper used the case study approach to analyze the implementation of PES in landscape beauty and recreational services in three indigenous communities of the Cordilleras. The study describes the characteristics of the PES scheme in three tourist destinations(Banaue, Ifugao; Sagada, Mountain Province and Mt. Pulag, Benguet) and identifies the various institutional mechanisms that support markets for environmental services. Evidences of economic, social and environmental impacts are also presented. Highlights of the study pinpoint the importance of ensuring that the design of PES interacts and harmonizes with the cultural setting and existing local resource management institutions. PES implementation must be calibrated to the pace of the changes and transformations taking place within the specific context of the indigenous community. This critical condition in the success of the PES scheme could emerge as inputs to best practices allowing PES to maximize its impacts in terms of both environmental and socio-economic outcomes.
Keywords - payment for environmental services, landscape beauty, indigenous community