Local Wisdom: Local Rice Breeding Approach to Supply Chain and Value Added In The Indramayu District, West Java
Build self-reliance of farmers in rice breeding, seen from the re-emergence of local seed rice varieties. While the advantages of local rice seeds attract the surrounding farmers to plant local rice in paddy fields wider. This activity is the economic impact on farmers breeders and farmers around the common. Although not certified, but the creativity of farmers receive legal protection through MOJ Decision No. 99 / PUU-X / 2012, so that the seed and grain farmer breeders creative product can be marketed to its own community. Rice supply chain in Indramayu district involving nine marketing agency that farmers, wholesalers, middlemen grinder, grinding mill, Bulog partners, Bulog, retailers, and consumer markets outside the district. The shortest Marketing channel is from farmer breeders to consumers. The highest marketing margin is the middleman milling and rice mill factory respectively by 27.49% and 22.7%. This is because the rice milling process contained yield of 60% - 75% of paddy to rice. The percentage share of farmers amounted to 46.86% with gains of 4.03%. Lastly, the added value of grain/ rice in Indramayu district is not occur due to processing, but the values formed by the treatment of labor inputs and activities to form a new, higher price. Total value added from upstream to downstream of the largest occurred in the shortest supply chain breeder farmers to consumers, with the added value of Rp. 9.252- per kg, with the ratio of value added 67.7% which is high value added.
Keywords: Farmer Rice Seed Breeders, Supply Chain, Value-Added, Local Wisdom