Adding Value to Mangrove Charcoal Debris From Mangrove Charcoal Industry
In Yeesan, Ampawa, SamutSongkram province has produced the mangrove coal for a long time, inherited the techniques and has been making charcoal from Chinese. Yeesanproduces a lot of the mangrove coal because there aremore mangrove forests from reforestation which is the villager's concession. Yeesan is far 6 kilometers from the gulf of Thailand, thus the environment is suitable for growing the mangroves. The perfect age of mangrovefor making charcoal is about 12-15 years old, and the villager will grow 100,000 mangroves per year for reforestation.They will grow the mangroves by switching the area and ranking the area which one is the first for growing one by one,so that they can make the mangrove coal all the whole year. Each production of mangrove coal is around 4-5 tons, it takes 10-12 days for production, moreover they will transport to the middleman.The lack of the mangrove coal is used for the footpath, therefore the author thinks that the mangrove coal bits should bedeveloped into the designing product of value.
The sample group for this study is 5 professors about Mangrove coal in Yeesan, Ampawa,SamutSongkram province. For collecting information analyzed by questionnaire, presented by the descriptive statistics, percentage and mean.
1. The mangrove coal affects to absorbing color, smell and the dirtiness in the water. The quantity of the mangrove coal affectsto absorbing color, smell and the dirtiness in the water.
2. The process of making the mangrove coal shape uses the same process of charcoal but change the shape from cylinder into the mackerel shape. Using the mangrove coal bits combines with water and tapioca flour. The villager can make it on their own.
3. The development product from the mangrove coal bits increases the value and income to the villager in Yeesan, Ampawa, SamutSongkram province.
Index Terms- Mangrove Charcoal, Adding Value, Sustainable Development