Effects of Nutrition Teaching on Pregnancy Outcomes in Gestational Diabetic
This one group post experiment design aimed to study pregnancy outcomes in gestational diabetic women after attending group teaching in nutrition at antenatal clinics. The study subjects were 51 purposively selected gestational diabetic women (GDM Class A1 and GDM Class A2 from antenatal clinics, Taksin Hospital. The research tools consist of diabetes knowledge guideline, daily food intake record and food exchange for pregnant women with diabetes and a record of food intake after attending group participatory teaching and demonstration. Each group consisted of 2-5 pregnant women with at least three times participation since the first day of abnormal Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). Data were collected from January to December 2014 and were analyzed by percentage and one group Chi-squire test.
The results showed two normal pregnancy outcomes in gestational diabetic women after attending group participatory teaching and demonstration at antenatal clinics from three criteria variables. They were gestational age (88.2%) and infant birth weight (70.0%). By one group Chi-squire test, the numbers in normal group were higher than the numbers in abnormal group with statistical significance (p < .01). For weight gain during pregnancy, the below normal weight gain group were 66.7 % and higher than the normal weight gain group with statistical significance (p< .01).
Keywords� Pregnancy Outcomes, Gestational Diabetic Women, Nutrition.