The Health Behaviors Modification For Controlling and Prevention Diabetes Mellitus by Using Self Help Group at Premruthaipravate Community Bangkok
The participatory action research aims to study how to change health behavior about the ability of self- efficacy self regulation and self-care for prevention and control of diabetes with Self Help Group The sample of subjects at risk and patients with diabetes and high blood pressure . A total of 28 people from the Premruthi community 20 at Prawet Bangkok . Most are female have lower education . Entitled to healthcare Gold in Bangkok. The Vulnerable groups and groups with diabetes and high blood pressure 51.3 percent . Accounted for 10.6 per cent of the risk factors is important. Obese / BMI was 24.7 percent higher risk behavior is eating spicy food ( sweet, sour , salty ) 40.7 percent . Lack of exercise, stress, 12.7 percent to 28 percent , Genetic risk is 23.3 percent and 12.7 percent were smokers . The results showed that blood pressure drop 86 percent to 36 percent weight loss and BMI decrease of 20.7 percent . That health status has changed to the better . Most members were satisfied with the high level of 97.3 per cent suggested in the project next time.After receiving behavior modification ago. Have efficacy in their health behavior (Self-efficacy) , Self-regulation and Self-care better than before the event: 92.3 percent , 90.0 and 96.6 of the participants , respectively. It is a change in a better direction. This research focused on the development of activities that encourage participants have the skills and knowledge through practical action . Make sustainable approach is organized in accordance with activities that blend into everyday life. Obtaining social support to encourage volunteerism , good health care personals ,some extra incentive to participate. These factors resulting trust and cooperation frommembers and communities of Practice to foster healthy.
Index Termsó Health Promotion, Diabetes Diabetes, participatory action research.