Biodegradation of Two Synthetic Textiles by Two Ligninolytic Fungi Species: Trametes Versicolor and Ganoderma Lucidum
Disposal of synthetic textile waste by landfill is likely to pose a risk of environmental pollution problems. Biodegradation remains a viable textile waste management alternative. Ligninolytic white-rot basidiomycetes can effectively degrade textile wastes. The main objective of this experiment is to assess the biodegradability of two synthetic textiles containing nylon or polyester fibers by two white-rot fungi, namely Trametes versicolor and Ganoderma lucidum. The results show that T. versicolor and G. lucidum, alone or in combination, are able to degrade synthetic textiles. However, the biodegradation efficiency does not improve in co-culture compared to mono-culture.
Index Terms- Environment, Fungal co-culture, Plastic waste, White Rot Fungi.