Analyze of Antimicrobial Power of Cotula cinerea Essential Oil (Western Algeria)
The essential oils of many plants have become popular in recent years and their bioactive principles have recently won several industry sectors, however their use as antibacterial and antifungal agents has been reported. This study focuses on the physico chemical and phytochemical with a study of the antimicrobial activity of essential oils of aromatic and medicinal plant of southwest Algeria, this essential oil was obtained by hydro-distillation of aerial parts of Cotula cinerea, belonging to the Asteraceae family, it is very extensive in the spring season in a region called Kenadza road, located 12km from Bechar. Variable antifungal activity of the essential oil of Cotula cinerea (yield 2%) were revealed about four fungal strains, the minimum inhibitory concentrations of essential oils were determined by the method of dilution in agar. Significant fungal sensitivity of Penicillium sp with an inhibition of 32.3 mm area.
Keywords- Cotula Cinerea, Essential Oil, Physico- Chemical Analysis and Phyto- Chemical, Antifungal Power.