The Characteristics And Factors Of Myanmar Return Migrants In Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Thailand
The aim of this research is to study the directions of Myanmar workers return migration, characteristics of return migrants and the demographic, social and economic factors influencing return migration. The data were drawn from Prachuap Khiri Khan Provincial Employment Office by conducting a random sampling of 400 people aged between 15-59 who migrated from Myanmar and requested for a work permit at Prachuap Khiri Khan Province. The total numbers of representative sample include 79% of Myanmar migrant workers want to return to their home country and 21% non-return to their home country. Descriptive and multivariate statistics were employed to analyze factors influencing return migration to home country. The finding characteristics reveal that the proportion of male to female return migrants is females more than males. Most of return migrants were aged between 44 and 59 years old and had primary education level. More than half of the sample work in agriculture and had a lot of land properties in their birthplace. The factors relating to such decision can be concluded that the scale of the decision of return migration has a positive relationship with a statistical significance at 0.05 are a conformity with friends, a relationship with family, possession of land in hometown and educational level. From the Stepwise Multiple Regression Analysis, the results have shown that the conformity with friends and educational level factors are influential to the decision of return migration of Myanmar migrant workers in Prachuap Khiri Khan Province.
Keywordsó Characteristics, Factors of Return Migration, Myanma Return Migrants, and Prachuap Khiri Khan Province.