Paper Title
Retrofitting City Spaces Through Sustainable Urban Ecological Design

Increasing global urbanization has presented ongoing challenges to future sustainability. An important new trend is to attempt to retrofit city spaces through urban ecological design. Urban ecological design employs design strategies that are developed and adapted by simulating natural processes. The role of nature in making cities sustainable is often undervalued. Awareness of ecosystem services provided through natural processes is just now increasing and there is greater interest in developing strategies to preserve, restore or reinterpret ecosystems in an urban context. Keywords- urban ecological design, sustainable urbanism, retrofitting city spaces