Paper Title
Solidarity Among Women In Tokyo’s Slums: Futaba Nursery School As A Pioneer Of Struggle Against Poverty

This paper argues that women’s solidarity in the struggle against poverty emerged as a byproduct of Futaba Nursery School which was established as a modern charity in prewar Japan. Even though there was deep-rooted prejudice against the lower classes, the female founders tried to save poverty-stricken children and published reports on their plights in annual reports and magazines, which resulted in creating sympathy toward street children and solidarity among women beyond class. This solidarity, not a public welfare system, was an important step toward the improvement of family lives in slums. Keywords- poverty, women’s solidarity, children’s rights, charitable work