Socioeconomic Determinants of Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Among Saudi Pregnant Women
Background:Secondhand smoke (SHS)exposure is a worldwide problem that threatens life. It is a preventable cause of morbidity and mortality. Exposure to Tobacco is harmful for both the infant and the pregnant women.
Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of SHS among Saudi pregnant women in King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH) and to determine the association between the socioeconomic characteristics of the pregnant women and exposure to SHS.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in the antenatal clinic, KKUH. Data were collected from consecutive women using apredesigned questionnaire addressing the participants’ demographics and exposure to SHS status.
Results: The prevalence of SHS exposure among pregnant women was 24%. Low maternal education level and being unemployed wereassociated with more exposure to SHS (p=0.039), (p = 0.02) respectively. There was no association between maternal age, parity and monthly incomeand exposure to SHS (p> 0.05).
Conclusion: Maternal educational levels and unemployment are associated risk factors for SHS exposure during pregnancy.
Keywords— Pregnant Women, Saudi Arabia, Secondhand Smoke, Socioeconomic Factors.