Abstract Doctrine, Philosophy And Spatial Experience Of Urban Open Space
People in their movements are influenced and directed by three-dimensional confines and by the structural lines of such confines; in other words, the general tension becomes a specifically �directed� dynamic tension. If these confines are architectural structures, their volumes and their scale exert pressure and resistance and stimulate and direct our reaction to the space around us. What begins as undifferentiated space becomes place as we get to know it better and endow it with value.
Expanding on the concept of place and space, Dovey stated that place encompasses the idea of the interaction between people and physical setting together with a set of meanings that both emerge from and inform this experience and interaction . Great cities boast squares of every size, style and purpose demonstrating the varied ways in which space can be contained and manipulated. Reduced to basics, a public square can be as simple as a child�s drawing,. An outdoor room, with walls to enclose space, doors to admit traffic, the sky as ceiling. The walls can be strait or bowed, high or low, continuous or fragmented.
Space can be defined without walls; trees or railing will do the job, as will a central point of focus like a fountain, column or equestrian statue. The point of entry can be concealed by an arcade, perhaps, or establish a bold axis, a cord upon which the square is strung. The surface may be paved or planted, left open or filled with trees.
Is the stage upon which the drama of communal life unfolds: the streets, squares, and parks of a city give form to the ebb and flow of human exchange. City planners have been primarily concerned with such problems as the use of land, the improvement of traffic and general communication, the relationship between residential and industrial areas, these considerations have somewhat overshadowed the fundamental importance of the square as a basic factor in town planning, as the very heart of the city.
Keywords� Open Public Space, Theory, Spatial Experience, Design, Space Occupation.