Ad Hoc Lte Networks For Small-Scale Uav Applications
Small scale Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) are intelligent systems that can operate without an internal pilot that is controlled by a remote or on board computers and it can be reprogrammed for military flight functions and payload operation. Before use, these small-scale UAVs can be reprogrammed to perform tasks for military and disaster-relief. Today’s military and disaster-response personnel have become accustomed to smart phones connected to commercial communications networks in their personal lives. Given that reliable communication is critical in a variety of aerospace and defense missions, applications, and environments, high-level military and disaster-recovery officials are looking to upgrade outdated and ineffective communications infrastructures with modern commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) technologies, such as Long-Term Evolution (LTE) solutions and systems. By using COTs available technologies -- military and COTs communications networks will be interoperable hence, increasing widespread communication which is critical during disaster relief. LTE Release 10, also known as LTE Advanced, ensures even faster deployment of UAVs and has extended coverage which is beyond the existing military and public radio network footprint. When properly embedded into the architecture of a commercial communications network, the resulting UAV aided terrestrial network architecture is expended into a network structure. Overall it is critical to eliminate the issue of lack of interoperability between military and COTs communication technologies, hence the aim of this paper is to put forward an Ad Hoc LTE Network for critical missions UAVs. The objective of this paper is to introduce a concept of the mission-critical ad hoc UAV LTE network by applying COTS technologies.
Index Terms- Ad hoc network, UAV, LTE, Military, Disaster Relief, Interoperability.