Socioeconomic Factors Associated With the Maternal Near Miss in a Intensive Care Unit in Brazil
Purpose: evaluate the socioeconomic risk factors for morbidity and mortality in a maternal intensive care unit at a university hospital. Methods: observational cross-sectional with 492 pregnant/puerperal women. Patients were admitted to the obstetric intensive care unit during a year, being informed about the proposals of the study and a questionnaire was applied. The analysis was performed using GraphPad6. Chi-square tests were used to evaluate risk factors.Results: the main risk factors to maternal near miss were: non-white ethnicity (p=0,009); marital status(married women) (p=0.0001), educationup to 2º degree incomplete (p=0,0006), from the countryside (p=0,0001) and low income (< 0,0001). Conclusions: the prevalence of maternal near miss was associated with socioeconomic factors and care issues, revealing the importance of interventions to improve these indicators.
Index terms- health education, maternal mortality, pregnant women.