SELJUK AND BYZANTINE WOMEN IN ANATOLIA
Abstract - The effectiveness of women from the dynastic family in the Seljuks in management, economics and making political decisions is a well-known fact. In addition, although there are some traditional views that restrict them from being able to Decamp comfortably among the people, it is clear from the foundation works they have established that the sultan's wives have unlimited say over their wealth. In the Seljuks of Turkey, the sultanate foundations can be seen as an expression of the religious, social, political and economic policies of the sultan or the viziers and statesmen subordinate to him. The foundations of the foundation works established by the Sultan's wives and daughters are also very limited, and monographic works containing their biographies and foundations are almost nonexistent. Therefore, it is an important requirement to question how the women of the Seljuk dynasty used the waqf system as a means of representing themselves and gaining visibility in society. In addition, the lack of wills, court records or similar archival materials to support these foundations also makes it difficult to establish the representation and effectiveness of these women in society other than foundation works. In the Byzantine world, one of the most effective ways for people of aristocratic origin or courtiers to show their generosity and importance to the society in which they live is to lead the creation of works of art that will win the public's appreciation and appreciation. This understanding acquired new meanings with Christianity, works of art were considered one of the most effective ways to express the strong faith of the banisin in God, feelings of gratitude or gratitude. In the early centuries of the Byzantine civilization, the nature of the works that were realized with the patronage or financial support of women varies according to the wealth of the donor and his status in society. The nature of these donations, which are usually realized under the influence of the Christian faith, can reach up to a monumental-sized church built by a rich, influential and imperial family princess such as Anicia Iuliana. In this study, the reasons why women patrons of art gave monetary support to a work of art during the Early Byzantine and Turkish Seljuks will be examined and the contributions of banality to the social and economic status of women will be emphasized.
Keywords - Byzantine, Anatolia, Woman, Seljuks, Civilization