A STUDY OF THE FACTORS AFFECTING SAFETY AND HEALTH BEHAVIORS DURING THE PREVALENCE OF COVID-19 AMONG CONSTRUCTION WORKERS
Abstract - Occupational health and safety risks have long plagued the construction industry. With the advent of the COVID- 19 outbreak, these risks have only increased, posing a significant threat to the well-being of construction workers. It is essential to understand the factors that influence the intention to follow the preventive measure of construction workers. In this study, we employed the extended Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to investigate these factors among construction workers in Bangkok, Thailand. Our online questionnaire survey, which included five factors and 23 questions, was completed by 310 Thai construction workers. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to analyze the causal relationships among the latent variables. Our SEM results revealed that knowledge about COVID-19 was crucial in shaping subjective norms and attitudes toward behavior. Additionally, we found that subjective norms and attitudes toward behavior were significant determinants of preventive behaviors among construction workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. The insights gained from the study can assist construction managers in comprehending the challenges posed by COVID-19 and implementing appropriate safety measures for their workers.
Keywords - Covid-19 Pandemic, Extended Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), Construction Workers, and Intention to Follow Preventive Measure.