TREATMENT AND ENERGY BENEFIT FROM HOSPITAL WASTES INCINERATION (CASE STUDY IN ALBANIA)
Abstract - Energy, as one of the most observed topics, can be obtained in different ways, from traditional to renewable. This energy process is one way of utilizing unrecyclable waste and minimizing volumes going to landfills. The treatment of hospital waste helps reducing infections as well as gaining energy from the process of burning. Proper management of hospital waste requires special treatment, such as incineration or disposal of hazardous waste. Hospital waste is “Any waste which is generated in the diagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals or in research” in a hospital. The hospital wastes must be collected and stored separately in containers of adequate capacity ensuring no spillage during transport. Hospital waste management in selected facilities represents a big environmental health issue, as well as other basic sanitation aspects like drinking water supply and wastewater management. The quantities of electricity benefited from the treatment and incineration of plastic hospital waste considered in this study originated from three national hospitals: "Koço Gliozheni" Gynecological Hospital in Tirana 150,39 kW/Year (2017); 172.8 kW/Year (2018); 202.1 kW/Year (2019); 720 kW/Year (2020), Hospital of “Durrës” City 544.5 kW/Year (2017); 630 kW/Year (2018); 769.5 kW/Year (2019); 831.6 kW/Year (2020) and Hospital of “Kukës” City 360 kW/Year (2017); 189.48 kW/Year (2018); 330 kW/Year (2019); 150 kW/Year (2020)..
Keywords - Electricity, Hospital Wastes, Incinerator, Mediburn-30.