OER Adoption in Saudi Higher Education: Differences between Users and Non-Users
As the planet becomes increasingly digitised, Open Educational Resources (OER) has emerged as a fundamental component of discourse on education, grown in popularity among stakeholders in education, and is an innovation that is becoming ever more essential in the modern-day educational system. However, in the Arab context, we suffer to find appropriate resources due to many reasons, the most significant ones are language and different context. As part of Vision 2030, Saudi Arabia, in 2018, was launched “SHMS” as an OER platform. The adoption of this platform is new in Saudi, it is vital to study OER implementation in higher education. Thus, this study aims to understand the academics’ perceptions of the use of OER. To achieve this, a mixed-method approach for data collection was adopted through two stages: distributing questionnaires to universities academics, as well. This presentation will report the findings of the first phase, in which the questionnaire method was adopted to evaluate the developed Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model, in addition to other valuable factors, which are Information Quality, Culture, and Sharing. The combination of UTAUT model and these factors produced CUTAUTS model. The survey results offered partial confirmation of CUTAUTS model as several significant relationships were identified between its core constructs and the adoption of OER by academics’ users, supporting the direct effects proposed in some of the hypotheses. However, there was no support for the effect of effort expectancy and facilitating conditions on behavioural intentions to use OER. As for non-users, information quality and performance expectancy were only confirmed predictors of behavioural intentions to use OER. After participating in this session, attendees will be able to identify the factors that influence OER adoption by university academics in the Saudi higher education sector.
Keywords - OER, CUTAUTS, Sharing, SHMS, Information Quality.