Socio-Economic Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on Teaching and Learning in Higher Education Institutions (HEIS) in India
Over the last decade, there has been a transformation in teaching and learning in different domains and COVID-19 has also brought a long term impact on the functioning of educational institutions. Even the New Education Policy (NEP-2020) emphasizes upon transformational reforms in educational sector to provide quality education by adopting holistic approach towards education. The thrust on access to social services such as education is considered to be very critical to face this unprecedented situation arisen due to pandemic. The purpose of this paper is to study the transition to online teaching and learning and how various education institutions have adopted digital mode for dissemination of knowledge with no geographical boundaries. The whole education system has transformed from the pedagogical tools and techniques adopted for teaching to the process of assessment mechanism. The findings of the study also focused on the need to provision of high quality educational opportunity and investment in education infrastructure. The digital platforms have emerged as enablers and adoption of new and innovative technology have also brought changes in the teaching pedagogy and learning environment. The study also concluded that the education models and structures have transformed and there is an urgent need to upgrade the digital knowledge and digital infrastructure for imparting education to the students and adopt the curricula as per the requirements of the industry.
Keywords - Socio-economic Impact, Pandemic, Digital Infrastructure, Online Teaching-Learning.