On The Patenting Activities of Researchers in Natural Sciences and Engineering: Evidence from Canadian Survey
This study adopts the individual academic as its unit of analysis and focuses on three stages of the patenting process: patent applications, patents granted at the national level and patents granted by the US Patent Office. Three econometric models were estimated. We find a positive relationship between scholars who forge strong ties and partnerships with industry at the patent application level, but no such relationship for the later stages of the patenting process. Furthermore, we find that knowledge assets and organizational factors are positively associated with all three stages of the patenting process. Our results also highlight the importance of controlling for research field and seniority when explaining the involvement of academics in the patenting process.
Keywords - University Research, Knowledge transfer, Patenting Activities, Predictors of Patenting.