Powtoon-based Animation with Scientific Approach to Improve Student's Critical Thinking Skill in Physics Learning
This development research aims to (1) develop Powtoon-based animation that is suitable for use as an alternative to more effective learning media (2) Improve students' critical thinking skills in learning physics by using Powtoon-based animation learning media (3) Analyze student responses to the development of learning media Powtoon based animation. The research method used in this study is a development research method that refers to the ADDIE development model, namely Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation. The researcher chose this method because the ADDIE development model was effective and dynamic so that it was deemed suitable to be used in the development of this research. The subjects in this study were 15 students of the physics education study program, faculty of teacher training and education, batch 2020 at the university. The instruments used in this study consisted of media expert validation sheets, physics lecturer validation, pre-test and post-test, as well as student response questionnaires to interactive physics learning media based on powtoon. Observational data were analyzed using the percentage technique while the results of the critical thinking ability test were analyzed using the normality test and t-test with the help of the SPSS application. This research is expected to help improve critical thinking skills by using learning media that are easy to understand, effective and innovative.
Keywords - Physics, Animation, Powtoon, Critical Thinking, Scientific Approach