Health Status, Perception of Self-Efficacy to Promote Health and Social Support Among Aging; A Case Study at Ban Salawan Health Center, Putthamonthon, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand
This research aimed to study health status of aging, self-efficacy to promote health among aging, and social- support among aging in 2013.Thesample groups were 100 persons selected from aging member in Ban Salawan Health Center. Collected data about perception of self-efficacy by interviewing their made in 5-point and had tested reliability coefficients alpha .7403, in term of mental health collected data by ST-5, 2Q, and anxiety assessment form, that standard measurement ofDepartment of Mental Health, Public Health, Thailand.Descriptive statistic used for analyzed data. Results presented sample group were female (61%) and 57% of them had age between to 60-65 follow by 20% have age between 66-70 years old,The most of them were married and still live with their spouse (64%). 89% of sample group have child, 25% have income between of 50,000 - 99,999 Baht per year. In terms of health condition61.22% of sample group diseases were hypertension, following by diabetes (48.98%).About eyesight 51% of the sample group donít need prescribed glasses, 83.0% of sample group donít need hearing aids, 62% of sample group were have more than 20 teeth remaining, and havenít problem with chewing (80%), and 80% of sample group donít have bladder incontinence. In terms of ADL, The most of sample group were in type 1 (80%). Mental health condition; 94% donít have insomnia, 96% donít have anxiety and donít have depression but 81% of the sample group was facing stress. In terms of social support; 69% of sample group donít work, 35% of sample group lives on pension, follow by spouse and child (32%).The statistical significance was <0.05 some factors, such as gender, age and educational background were related to perception of Self-Efficacy to promote health.
Keywords- Aging, Perception Of Self-Efficacy, Health Status, Social ĖSupport.