Translation of Therapeutic Architecture as a Guideline for Residential Design
The dissertation investigates how therapeutic architecture can be used to combat the present context of deteriorating mental health around the world. It attempts to create an understanding of the design strategies of therapeutic architecture that create healing environments and how these can be used as a guideline for residential design to positively reinforce the mental health of the general public. The onset of COVID-19 pandemic further caused a rise in stress, anxiety and other negative impacts which high lights the need for residential spaces to be conducive of a healthier mind, body and spirit. The literature review explores theories and models similar to therapeutic architecture, its design elements and their impact on human psychology and physiology. For therapeutic architecture to be translated to residential design appropriately, a better understanding is achieved by looking into how humans perceive their build environment and how stresses and built environment are perceived differently by patients as opposed to non-patients. Surveys and interviews with psychiatrists and psychologists helped gain first-hand information of what promotes healing. An online survey of sample group of 100 people from the general public attempts to gain more insight into the mental health of the public and how their current residential spaces promote or deter better mental health. The findings from the case studies and surveys show how current residential spaces can be better designed through the appropriate integration of therapeutic architecture, to positively reinforce the mental health of its residents and expose them to spaces that promote a healthy life.
Keywords - Therapeutic Architecture, Mental Health, Residential Design, COVID-19, Healing Spaces