Regional Geopolitics in the Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries
The Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP) was established in 1996 and currently has nine members states with regional integration on four continents and bathed by three oceans. Defense, and in particular maritime security, cooperation is one of their main areas of support. Most members are in the Atlantic, with Portugal in Europe, Brazil in South America and five countries in Africa (Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Sao Tome and Principe, Equatorial Guinea and Angola). The sixth African member (Mozambique) is bathed by the Indian Ocean and the only Asian member (East Timor) is in the Pacific area. Regional integrations of member states into diverse geopolitical spaces (European Union, Mercosur, Economic Community of West African States, Economic Community of Central African States, and Southern African Development Community) co-exist with their participation in the community of countries of Portuguese language. The aim of this paper is to analyze the place of CPLP in the geopolitics of the member states. Using a qualitative research methodology it appears that regional insertion is more valued than cooperation in the Lusophone space. East Timor is the only exception for now, as it awaits its admission to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
Keywords - Regional Geopolitics, Multilateralism, Cooperation, Portuguese-Speaking Countries.