Early Pregnancy Loss: Diagnosis and Management
Introduction: The loss of a pregnancy during the first 13 weeks (the first trimester) of pregnancy is called early pregnancy loss, miscarriage , or spontaneous abortion . Early pregnancy loss is common. It happens in about 10% of known pregnancies. About one half of cases of early pregnancy loss are caused by a random event in which the embryo receives an abnormal number of chromosomes1. Discussion: Working, exercising, having sex, or having used birth control pills before getting pregnant do not cause early pregnancy loss. Morning sickness does not cause early pregnancy loss. Some women who have had an early pregnancy loss believe that it was caused by a recent fall, blow, or even a fright, however in most cases, this is not true. Smoking, alcohol, and caffeine also have been studied as causes of early pregnancy loss.4 Some research suggests that smoking increases the risk, while other research suggests that it does not. Conclusion: Most women go on to have successful pregnancies. Repeated pregnancy losses are rare. Testing and evaluation can be done to try to find a cause if you have several pregnancy losses. Even if no cause is found, most couples will go on to have successful pregnancies. You can ovulate and become pregnant as soon as 2 weeks after an early pregnancy loss.
Keywords - Trimester, Chromosomes, Cramping, Pregnancy