Paper Title
Italy’s Colony in China: The Tianjin Concession (1901-1943)

After the quelling of the Boxer Rebellion (1899-1901), Italy was awarded with a consolation gift, 457,000 square meters for an indefinite period of time, in Tianjin, between the Austrian and the Russian concessions. Rome's gains were symbolic more than anything else. Firstly it obtained equal status with the other powers by acquiring the same extraterritorial privileges and the right to maintain a military force in the Legation Quarter in Beijing. Secondly, it now had official authorization to use the international quarters in Shanghai and Xiamen. Finally, Rome secured the right to protect mines, churches and railways by force if necessary Keywords - Qing China, Liberal Italy, Colonialism