Borges and Eliade: Types of Labyrinth
In this paper, I will take a comparative and mythos-critic analysis of the image of memory and labyrinth, in Mircea Eliade(The serpent, On Mântuleasa’s Street ) and Jorge Luis Borges( House of Asterion, Forking garden).
Eliade’s literary writings describe a forbidden mythic world, a sacred and superior existence hidden in a profane world. Zaharia Farama (From Mantuleasa’s Street) is the last person who believes in myths. Such as Sheherezada, he amazed his interlocutors, with stories about the magical and unbelievable adventurous of the boys from Mantuleasa’s Primary School. In the short- novel exists spatial labyrinths( the prison where Farama was put in arrest, the Diamant cave, that boys want to find), a narrative labyrinth( the text Farama creates) and a labyrinth of memory. The forking garden can be put in relation with Eliade’s On Mantuleasa’s Street, by the existence of spatial labyrinth and narrative labyrinth. The story called House of Asterion is a re-writing of the myth of Theseus and Minotaurus. Borges describes the feeling of the monster, his loneliness because is caught in a house, with multiple galleries. The serpent describes Dorina’s initiation in the forest labyrinth and through dreams to accept the dual nature of her lover(a serpent by day, a man by night).
Keywords - Caves, Basements, Spatial Labyrinths, Minotaur, Mythos-Critic, Mythology