Factors Influencing the Willingness of Tuberculosis Suspects to Take Sputum Examination
Pulmonary tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. because of the rapid transmission of pulmonary TB, it is important to diagnose pulmonary TB early. the diagnosis of pulmonary TB is made by examining acid-resistant bacteria in sputum. However, there are factors that make not all suspects of pulmonary TB are willing to do a sputum examination. This study was an observational analytic study with a cross sectional design. The sampling technique was total sampling. To find out the relationship between the factors that influence the willingness to do the sputum examination, we use the chi-square bivariate analysis test (X2) at a significance level of 95% (p<0.05) then analyzed with the logistic regression multivariate test. This study showed knowledge about TB p=0,006, OR=39,723, CI=2,886-546,673. Stigma p=0,001, OR=32,185, CI=4,061-255,089. Health seeking behavior p=0,000, OR= 14,992, CI=4,764-47,179. History of TB medication p=0,002, OR=16,881, CI=2,895-98,436. Has health education about TB p=0,007, OR=0,041, CI=0,004-0,409. From the study we concluded that it is necessary to increase community awareness to understand about TB, right attitude towards TB and lowering the stigma that exist in the community. Thus factors that inhibit TB suspected patient to check their sputum can be minimized.
Keywords - Health Behavior, Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Sputum Examination